|First Practice||Nov. 7, 2016
||Nov. 6, 2017
|First Contest||Nov. 27, 2016
||Nov. 27, 2017
|Conference Tournament||Feb. 18, 2017
||Feb. 17, 2018
|Region Deadline||Feb. 28, 2017
||Feb. 27, 2018
|VHSL Quarterfinals||March 2-4, 2017
||March 1-3, 2018
|VHSL Championships||March 9-11, 2017
||March 8-10, 2018|
VHSL began holding state championships for boys basketball in 1915, when Charlottesville High School defeated Lynchburg High School, 35-25. Since then, Martinsville High School has won a VHSL-record 15 state championships. In 2007-08, Group A began a two-division format to promote equity and opportunity for the smallest schools to compete for a state championship. In 2009, Group AA began a two-division tournament format.
9,482 boys at 312 member schools participated in boys basketball during the 2011-12 season.
VHSL held girls basketball championships from 1920-27 before resuming championship competition in 1975. Girls basketball was a fall sport in Group AAA from 1975-77 before switching to a winter sport; and a fall sport in Group A and AA from 1975 until 2002. In 2007-08, Group A began a two-division format to promote equity and opportunity for the smallest schools to compete for a state championship. In 2008-09, Group AA began a two-division championship format. James W. Robinson Secondary School of Fairfax and Radford High School have won a VHSL-record six state championships followed by Blacksburg High School with five titles.
7,590,girls at 310 member schools participated in girls basketball during the 2011-12 season, making basketball the third most popular VHSL sport for girls.