|First Practice||Nov. 9, 2015|
|First Contest||Nov. 30, 2015|
|Conference Tournament||Feb. 15-20, 2016|
|Region Deadline||March 1, 2016|
|VHSL Quarterfinals||March 3-5, 2016|
|VHSL Championships||March 8-13, 2016|
VHSL began holding state championships for boys basketball in 1915, when Charlottesville High School defeated Lynchburg High School, 35-25. Since then, Martinsville High School has won a VHSL-record 13 state championships. In 2007-08, Group A began a two-division format to promote equity and opportunity for the smallest schools to compete for a state championship. In 2009, Group AA began a two-division tournament format.
9,482 boys at 312 member schools participated in boys basketball during the 2011-12 season.
VHSL held girls basketball championships from 1920-27 before resuming championship competition in 1975. Girls basketball was a fall sport in Group AAA from 1975-77 before switching to a winter sport; and a fall sport in Group A and AA from 1975 until 2002. In 2007-08, Group A began a two-division format to promote equity and opportunity for the smallest schools to compete for a state championship. In 2008-09, Group AA began a two-division championship format. James W. Robinson Secondary School of Fairfax and Radford High School have won a VHSL-record six state championships followed by Blacksburg High School with five titles.
7,590,girls at 310 member schools participated in girls basketball during the 2011-12 season, making basketball the third most popular VHSL sport for girls.